The town of Banyalbufar is a prime exponent of irrigated crop-growing activities on hillside terraces in the Tramuntana mountains, a practice that dates back to Islamic times. These terraces, which zigzag down from the rocky crags to the shoreline, are traditionally used for growing vines, tomatoes and potatoes. The area stands out for its complex water distribution network, with three main springs, some one hundred and ninety irrigation ponds and eighteen kilometres of water supply channels and mills.
Bancales (M. A. Escanelles)
Sa Baronia (Vicenç Sastre)
The town of Banyalbufar and Camí des Regants
Starting out from the town square, presided over by the imposing façade of its church (1), a set of wide steps can be climbed to Es Penyal (2), a district with houses in traditional style. This is also a vantage point with panoramic views of Banyalbufar and the surrounding hillside terraces. The Camí des Regants road leads off to the east, following Font de la Vila water supply channel (3).
Below the square is a fortified house called Cas Cosí (4), together with the courtyard and tower of Sa Baronia (5). If you go along Carrer del Pont street, you reach an esplanade known as Es Cós, which in turn leads to S’Arenal cove or Banyalbufar harbour, with its boathouses (6). On the bank of the cove, there are two Islamic water mills (7). If you turn back, there is also an old public washing place (8). On the Camí des Cireral road, another mill (9) can be seen, set against big hillside terraces in an area called Sa Vinya.
Barrio des Penyal (M. A. Escanelles)
Camí des Rafal & Planícia estate
At the car park on kilometre 87.3, a signpost indicates the Camí de sa Costa path (GR 221), which links up with Es Rafal and Planícia estates. After a steep climb, an ingenious irrigation network can be seen that is no longer in use, featuring big irrigation ponds (1). After passing a series of houses, a cobbled path bordered by dry stone retaining walls leads to an old estate house known as Cases des Rafal (2), integrated in a watchtower. After crossing Sa Talaia hill, you can continue on to Cases de Planícia estate house (3), with panoramic views toward the horizon in the west. A fascinating route to follow is the Aljub des Cristians (4), through the woods of Planícia public estate.
Esquema de molino de agua (Vicenç Sastre)